Born in 1883, a German biochemist by the name of Otto Warburg became a physiologist, medical doctor, and Nobel laureate. Warburg’s father was reportedly one of Germany’s leading physicists and individuals such as Albert Einstein and Max Planck, were friends of the family. Long before his death, Warburg was considered perhaps the greatest biochemist of the 20th century, a man whose research was vital to an understanding not only of cancer but also of respiration and photosynthesis. In 1931, Warburg won the Nobel Prize for his work on respiration and his discovery that cancer cells were basically anaerobic as compared with healthy cells. Twice subsequently he was considered for the same award, each time for different research. In fact, some think he likely would have won in 1944 except that the Nazis forbade any German citizen to accept the Nobel Prize. An 2016 article by Sam Applemay, put it this way: “In the early 20th century, the German biochemist Otto Warburg believed that tumors could be treated by disrupting their source of energy. His idea was dismissed for decades--until now.” More tomorrow.