What can a parent do to avoid providing risk factors for a child to develop a Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD)?
Some believe that narcissism in adulthood may be the response to anguish from a troubling, difficult, abusive, and inconsistent environment; one in which Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE’s) occur. The healthier and more functional the parent, the healthier and more functional the parenting style is likely to be. For example:
Be consistent, make sure your words and actions match.
Aim for balance, avoid erratic actions/reactions, unpredictability.
Be calm. Parental anxiety can trigger insecurity in children.